Though DDoS attacks are not particularly new, the rapid expansion of computing technology to more users and growing number of connected devices, including mobile, have created greater opportunities for hackers to succeed with this threat. At the basic level it involves using malicious software to infect machines, usually numbering in the thousands, and having those machines send requests to a server that overwhelm it.
Traditionally we think of online attacks as targeting only privacy, information, or being performed just for the sake of cruel malevolence. These are classified as “non-kinetic.” However, with hostile governments and unscrupulous agencies turning to advanced cyber-warfare, many of these attacks are becoming “kinetic,” meaning that they can cause damage to automated machinery and physical systems in order to do massive harm, including being a threat to human safety.
When we think of forensics we think of crime-scene investigation and handling of evidence using sophisticated techniques and technology. While law enforcement and government agencies use digital forensics in much the same way, malicious offensive forensics is an application of this principle to the file systems, techniques, and configurations of the target system. It is used to not only compromise the target but to gain knowledge of counter-measures.
Any modern network security solution needs to not only be aware of existing cyber threats, but must be able to adapt to new ones.